Friday, October 24, 2014

Apparently, the National Academy of Sciences thinks only one sex is qualified to talk about alternatives to sex #YAMMM

Just got this email from Francisco Ayala:
January 9-10, 2015 
In the Light of Evolution IX. Clonal Reproduction: Alternatives to Sex 
Organizers: Michel Tibayrenc, John C. Avise and Francisco J. Ayala 
Beckman Center of the National Academies, Irvine, CA 
Evolutionary studies of clonal organisms have advanced considerably in recent years, but are still fledgling. Although recent textbooks on evolution and genetics might give the impression that nonsexual reproduction is an anomaly in the living world, clonality is the rule rather than the exception in many viruses, bacteria, and parasites that undergo preponderant asexual evolution in nature. Clonality is thus of crucial importance in basic biology as well as in studies dealing with transmissible diseases. 
This Colloquium will bring together specialists in various disciplines, including genetics, evolution, statistics, bioinformatics, and medicine. A balance will be sought between the various disciplines, including clonal animals and plants, animal and human cloning, pathogens, and cancer studies.   
Registration is now open
Registration fee is $150. 
Graduate students and postdoctoral researchers are eligible for discount fee of $100. 
All meals, break and reception refreshments listed on the agenda are included in the registration fee.
For more information, contact
Could be interesting right?  Alas, then, I clicked on the link.  And I discovered the meeting could also be referred to as "Only one sex talks about alternatives to sex".  Men are highlighted in yellow. Women highlighted in green. (Note - I am making some guesses as to gender but I think these are reasoably accurate).
Organizers: Michel Tibayrenc, John C. Avise and Francisco J. Ayala 
I. General Considerations  
  • 8:30 AM Overview: The ILE Series. John C. Avise  
  • 8:40 AM Introduction and Chair, John C. Avise  
  • 8:40 AM  Can eukaryotes be considered clonally propagating cell lines with intermittent sex?, Dave Speijer, University of Amsterdam 
  • 9:30 AM Cancer in Parasitic Protozoan Trypanosoma brucei and Toxoplasma gondii, Zhao-Rong Lun, Sun Yat-Sen University 
  • 10:40 AM Mathematical Models of Clonality, Dominik Wodarz, University of California, Irvine 
  • 11:30 AM The Cost of Sex: Why Aren’t We All Clonal?, Claus-Peter Stelzer, University of Innsbruck 
II. Clonality in Multicellular Organisms  1:30 PM Chair, Zhao-Rong Lun
  • 1:30 PM  Genets, Ramets and Unisexual Reproduction in Plants, Spencer C.H. Barrett, University of Toronto
  • 2:20 PM Clonality in Asexual Invertebrate Animals, John M. Logsdon, Jr., University of Iowa
  • 3:30 PM Natural Clonality in Vertebrate Animals, John C. Avise, University of California, Irvine
  • 4:20 PM Artificial Cloning of Domestic Animals, Carol L. Keefer, University of Maryland
Keynote Address 
  • 6:45 PM Introduction, Michel Tibayrenc
  • 6:50 PM Cloning Humans: Biological and Ethical Considerations, Francisco J. Ayala, University of California, Irvine
III. Clonality in the Microbial World  
  • 8:00 AM Chair, Carol L. Keefer  
  • 8:00 AM Clonality and Intracellular Polyploidy in Virus Evolution and Pathogenesis, Esteban Domingo, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • 8:50 AM The Impermanence of Bacterial Clones, Howard Ochman, University of Texas, Austin
  • 10:00 AM Clonal Reproduction in Fungi, John Taylor, University of California, Berkeley
  • 10:50 AM Clonal Reproduction in Parasitic Protozoa, Michel Tibayrenc, IRD, Montpellier, France
IV. Clonality, Cancer, and Evolution
  • 12:50 PM Organismal Fitness, Somatic Evolution, and Cancer, James DeGregori, University of Colorado School of Medicine
  • 1:40 PM Cancer and Pathogens as Clonal Processes, Edwin L. Cooper, University of California, Los Angeles
  • 2:50 PM Stem Cell Competitions: Evolution, and Cancer Progression, Irving Weissman, Stanford University
  • 3:40 PM Clonal Reproduction: An Evolutionary Curse or Blessing?, Marcel E. Dorken, Trent University
  • 4:30 PM Concluding Remarks, Francisco J. Ayala, University of California, Irvine
So - whether you count just speakers, or speakers plus session chairs, the gender ratio is not good.  Really there is only one woman as far as I can tell involved with this meeting.  Sadly this is not the only meeting at the NAS Beckman Center with gender issues.  See this post for example Today's YAMMM (Yet Another Mostly Male Meeting) Brought to You by CIFAR & NAS.  Does NAS even make any effort in regard to diversity of speakers?

UPDATE 10/25/14 - Some responses from Twitter

For more on this topic see my other posts on "Diversity in STEM"

UPDATE 2: 10/26 - New NAS Sackler meeting after this one - better but barely in gender ratio

The next Sackler meeting after this one is on "Drawing Causal Inference from Big Data".  Here are the speakers they list with the same colors as used above.
  • Edoardo Airoldi, Harvard University
  • Susan Athey, Stanford University 
  • Leon Bottou, Microsoft Corporation 
  • Danah Boyd, Microsoft Corporation
  • Peter Buhlmann, ETH Zurich 
  • Susan Dumais, Microsoft Corporation
  • Dean Eckles, Facebook 
  • James Fowler, University of California, San Diego  
  • Michael Hawrylycz, Allen Institute 
  • David Heckerman, Microsoft Corporation 
  • Jennifer Hill, New York University 
  • Guido Imbens, Stanford University
  • Michael Jordan, University of California, Berkeley 
  • Steven Levitt, The University of Chicago 
  • David Madigan, Columbia University
  • Thomas Richardson, University of Washington 
  • Bernhard Schölkopf, Max Planck Institute 
  • Jasjeet Sekhon, University of California, Berkeley 
  • Cosma Shalizi, Carnegie Mellon University  
  • Richard Shiffrin, Indiana University 
  • John Stamatoyannopoulos, University of Washington 
  • Hal Varian, Google, Inc. 
  • Bin Yu, University of California, Berkeley 
That is a ratio of 18:5 or 21% women.  Not sure what the gender balance is for people working on "big data" but still, given the Sackler's recent issues with gender ratio in fields with an almost 50:50 ratio of men:women I am not willing to give them the benefit of the doubt here.  And I note - the link they provide for Susan Athey goes to the web site of Richard Shiffrin.  So I am just going to assume that the name on the list is correct not the link to Shiffrin.

UPDATE 3: 10/26 - Made a Storify to track discussion of this.

UPDATE 4: 10/26 -- and another recent Sackler meeting

Epigenetic changes in the developing brain: Effects on behavior

This meeting was held March 28-29, 2014 at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. and organized by Donald W. Pfaff (The Rockefeller University) and Eric Barrington Keverne (King’s College, Cambridge).
  • Introduction and welcome, Donald Pfaff and Barry Keverne
  • Session I. DNA methylation (Chair, Tom Insel)
    • Mechanisms that establish and maintain genomic methylation patterns in mammalian tissues, Tim Bestor, Columbia University
    • Signaling networks that regulate synapse development and dysfunction, Michael Greenberg, Harvard University
    • Impact of early life experiences on DNA methylation: Implications for brain development and behaviour, Frances Champagne, Columbia University
  • Session II. Histone modifications (Chair, Barry Keverne)
    • A histone methylation network regulates epigenetic inheritance, Yang Shi, Harvard University
    • Global Epigenomic Reconfiguration during Mammalian Brain Development, Joseph Ecker, Salk Institute for Biological Studies
    • H3.3 nucleosomal dynamics regulate synaptic development and plasticity in postreplicative neurons, Ian Maze & David Allis, The Rockefeller University
    • Steroid hormone actions on histone tail modifications in the brain, Donald Pfaff, The Rockefeller University
  • 14th Annual Sackler Public Lecture
    • Introduction – Diane Griffin, Vice President, National Academy of Sciences
    • Deconstructing circuits for motor behavior, Thomas Jessell, Columbia University
  • Session III. Genomic imprinting (Chair, Rusty Gage)
    • Genomic imprinting,action and interaction of two genomes in mother, Barry Keverne, Cambridge University
    • Epigenetic regulation of imprinted gene loci, Marisa Bartolomei, University of Pennsylvania Medical School
    • Monoallelic gene expression, Andrew Chess, Mount Sinai Hospital
  • Session IV. Non-coding RNA’s (Chair, Don Pfaff)
    • Linking RNA to Nuclear Architecture, John L. Rinn, Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT
    • Human retrotransposons ("jumping genes") in health and disease, Haig Kazazian, Johns Hopkins University
  • Session V. CNS applications (Chair, Tim Bestor)
    • Mobile Element Activity in Evolution and Disease, Fred Gage, Salk Institute
    • The Epigenetic Language of the Circadian Clock, Poalo Sassone-Corsi, University of California, Irvine
    • Epigenomics of Major Psychiatric Disease, Art Petronis, University of Toronto
    • Imprinting mechanisms underlying Prader Willi and Angelman syndromes, James Resnick, University of Florida
  • Closing remarks: Brain Exceptionalism, Tom Insel, Director, National Institute of Mental Health, NIH

So - if you just count all the speaking / session chair slots that comes to 24 slots to men and 3 to women for a wonderful 11% female percentage.  Even if you count just speakers (and not session chairs) the #s don't look good.  Looking pretty bad NAS Sackler meetings.

UPDATE 5: Copying in my analysis of gender ratio at the most recent Sackler meeting on Symbioses becoming permanent: The origins and evolutionary trajectories of organelles which I refer to above but only via a link out to my post.  Here is the speaker analysis:

  • Organizers: W. Ford DoolittlePatrick Keeling, and John McCutcheon
  • Distinctive Voices Public Lecture presented by Michael Gray, CIFAR Advisor, Dalhousie University
  • Session 1: Genomes (evolutionary rates, oddities, and reduction)
    • Introduction and welcome remarks – W. Ford Doolittle, CIFAR Advisor & Patrick Keeling, CIFAR Program Director and Senior Fellow
    • John McCutcheon, CIFAR Associate Fellow, University of Montana
    • John Archibald, CIFAR Senior Fellow, Dalhousie University, Nuclear organelles 
    • Andrew Roger, CIFAR Senior Fellow, Dalhousie University, Organelle reduction 
    • Siv Andersson, Uppsala University, Alphaproteobacterial genome evolution 
    • David Smith, University of Western Ontario, Roots of genomic architecture variation 
    • Daniel Sloan, Colorado State University, Cytonuclear co-evolution under extreme mitochondrial mutation rates
    • John Allen, University College London, Why keep genomes?
  • Session 2: Integration/Control (trafficking, signaling, transporters)
    • Debash Bhattacharya, Rutgers University, Transporters in organellogenesis 
    • Nancy Moran, University of Texas, Austin, Insect endosymbionts 
    • Geoff McFadden, University of Melbourne, Diversity of protein trafficking
    • Chris Howe, Cambridge University, Why integrate?
    • Steve Perlman, CIFAR Fellow, University of Victoria, Maternal transmission, sex ratio distortion, and mitochondria 
    • William Martin, Düsseldorf University, Endosymbiont and organelle, what’s the difference? 
    • Moriya Okhuma, Riken University, Metabolic integration across endosymbiotic communities
  • Session 3: Theories and Models
    • Eors Szathmary, Loránd University, A fresh look at cooperation in some major transitions, especially the origin of eukaryotes
    • Marc Ereshefsky, University of Calgary, Evolutionary individuality
    • Peter Godfrey-Smith, City University of New York, Individuality and the egalitarian transitions 
    • Maureen O’Malley, University of Sydney, Philosophical Reflections on Endosymbiosis: Implications for Evolutionary Theory
    • Toby Kiers, University Amsterdam, Bacterial cooperativity
  • Closing remarks J. McCutcheon
That is a ratio of 19:4 for speakers slots for men vs. women.  Sensing a pattern anyone?

UPDATE 6: I feel much better now looking at the meeting before the developing brain meeting.  It is so much better (not). 

In the Light of Evolution VIII: Darwinian Thinking in the Social Sciences. January 10-11, 2014 at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center in Irvine, CA. 
  • Organized by Brian Skyrms, John C. Avise and Francisco J. Ayala
  • I.  Evolution of Social Norms
    • Bargaining and Fairness, Kenneth Binmore, University College London
    • Cooperation, Natalia Komarova, University of California, Irvine
    • Friendship and Natural Selection, James H. Fowler, University of California, San Diego
    • Reputation and Punishment, Michihiro Kandori, University of Tokyo
  • II. Social Dynamics
    • The Replicator Equation and Other Game Dynamics, Ross Cressman, Wilfrid Laurier University
    • Payoff-Based Learning Dynamics, Alvin Roth, Harvard University
    • Strategic Learning Dynamics, David K. Levine, Washington University
    • Cultural Evolution, Marcus W. Feldman, Stanford University
  • Keynote Address:  Public Goods: Competition, Cooperation, and Spite, Simon A. Levin, Princeton University
  • III. Special Sciences
    • Evolutionary Demography, Kenneth W. Wachter, University of California, Berkeley
    • Folklore of the Elite and Biological Evolution, Barry O’Neill, University of California, Los Angeles
    • Economics, Ted Bergstrom, University of California, Santa Barbara
    • Psychology, Dale Purves, Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School
  • IV. Applications
    • Evolutionary Implementation in Mechanism Design, Éva Tardos, Cornell University
    • Some Dynamics of Signaling, Brian Skyrms, University of California, Irvine
    • The Rate of Innovation Diffusion in Social Networks, H. Peyton Young, Oxford University
    • Homophily, Culture, and Coordinating Behaviors, Matthew O. Jackson, Stanford University
That is 15:2 males to females in speaking slots and also three main organizers. 

Update 7: A trend in meetings coorganized by John Avise and Francisco Ayala

I note the meeting above in Update 6 is the second recent meeting coorganized by John Avise and Francisco Ayala with a highly skewed gender ratio.  So I decided to go back and look at other meetings they coorganized.  For example here is the next most recent one.

In the Light of Evolution VII: The Human Mental Machinery

Organized by Camilo J. Cela-Conde, Raúl Gutiérrez Lombardo, John C. Avise and Francisco J. Ayala

This meeting was held January 10-12, 2013 at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center in Irvine, CA.
  •  I. Theory of Mind 
    • Theory of Mind: Darwin’s legacy, John Searle, University of California, Berkeley
    • Human mind and brain – pathological evidence, Robert E. Clark, University of California, San Diego 
    • Theory of Mind in Other Primates, Robert M. Seyfarth, University of Pennsylvania
  • II. Cognition
    • Evolution of Working Memory, Peter Carruthers, University of Maryland
    • The evolution of episodic memory, Norbert Fortin, University of California, Irvine
    • Natural Basis of Cognition, Terrence J. Sejnowski, Salk Institute for Biological Studies
    • Human and Animal Consciousness, Michael T. Alkire, University of California, Irvine
    • Co-Evolution: Culture, mind and brain, Chet C. Sherwood, George Washington University 
  • Keynote Address 
    • Unusual and Exceptional Capacities of the Human Mind, James L. McGaugh, University of California, Irvine     
  • III. Evolving Piece by Piece: Levels of Modularity in Neurobiology
    • Neuronal Networks of the Moral Judgment, Patricia Churchland, University of California, San Diego
    • Pathological Altruism, Barbara A. Oakley, Oakland University
    • Theory of Justice in Non-Human Primates, Sarah F. Brosnan, Georgia State University
    • Evolutionary Dynamics of Altruism, Martin Nowak, Harvard University
    • Human and Animal Neuroeconomics, Michael Platt, Duke University 
  • IV. Aesthetics 
    • Music and the Brain, Robert Zatorre, Montreal Neurological Institute 
    • Aesthetic and Ethnic Emotions, Oshin Vartanian, University of Toronto, Scarborough
    • Aesthetic Perception: Mind and Brain , Camilo J. Cela-Conde, University of the Baleares Islands, Spain
That is a ratio of 14:3 for speakers of men: women. 

UPDATE 8: The next most recent meeting coorganized by Avise and Ayala

In the Light of Evolution VI: Brain and Behavior
January 19-21, 2012
Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center
Organized by Georg F. Striedter, John C. Avise and Francisco J. Ayala

  • Session I. Brains in History: Descent with Modification
    • Chair, John C. Avise, University of California, Irvine
    • Evolution of Brain Development, Georg Striedter, University of California, Irvine
    • Evolution of Neuronal Cell Types, Nipam H. Patel, University of California, Berkeley
    • Homology and Homoplasy of Behavior and Neural Circuits, Paul S. Katz, Georgia State University
    • Evolution of Cognitive Traits, Lucia F. Jacobs, University of California, Berkeley
  • Session II. Brains in Ecology: Adapatation by Natural Selection
    • Chair, Georg Striedter, University of California, Irvine
    • Adaptation of Neuron-typical Molecules and Processes, Harold H. Zakon, University of Texas, Austin
    • Evolution of Specialized Sensory Systems, Kenneth C. Catania, Vanderbilt University
    • Evolution of Specialized Motor Systems, Andrew H. Bass, Cornell University
    • Evolving Neural Mechanisms of Social Diversity and Cognition, James L. Goodson, Indiana University
  • Keynote Address
    • Introduction, Francisco J. Ayala, University of California, Irvine
    • Evolution of Centralized Nervous Systems, R. Glenn Northcutt, Scripps Institution of Oceanography
  • Session III. Evolving Piece by Piece: Levels of Modularity in Neurobiology
    • Chair, Lucia F. Jacobs, University of California, Irvine
    • Molecular Models in Neurobiology, Kenneth S. Kosik, University of California, Santa Barbara
    • Devolpmental Modules in Nervous Systems, Leah A. Krubitzer, University of California, Davis
    • Neuroanatomical and Physiological Modules, Jon H. Kaas, Vanderbilt University
    • Modularity of Cognitive Processes, Jessica F. Cantlon, University of Rochester
  • Session IV. Human Evolution: Brains and Behavior
    • Chair, Francisco J. Ayala, University of California, Irvine
    • Molecular Aspects of Human Brain Evolution, Todd M. Preuss, Emory University School of Medicine
    • Evolution of Primate Brain Morphology, Suzana Herculano-Houzel, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
    • Evolution of Primate Brain Functions, Lizabeth M. Romanski, University of Rochester
    • The Evolution of Human Cognition, Clark Barrett, University of California, Los Angeles
  • Concluding Remarks
    • Francisco J. Ayala, University of California, Irvine
That isa ratio of 17:6 if one includes all slots (chairs, speakers, etc) or 14:5 if you just include speaking slots. 

UPDATE 9: This is NOT just about speaking at meetings.

I note - many of the Sackler meetings turn into special collections in PNAS and thus the limited representation of women speakers (which is a problem) is made worse by then directly affecting publishing in PNAS.

UPDATE 10: 10/27/14. Going back to another Avise/Ayala meeting from 2001

In the Light of Evolution V: Cooperation

Organized by Joan E. Strassmann, David C. Queller, John C. Avise, and Francisco J. Ayala
January 7-8, 2011

(Note Joan Strassmann is one of my favorite scientists and people on the planet - great to see her in a role as coorganizer here)

  • Session I. Foundations of Cooperation
    • John C. Avise, University of California, Irvine, Chair
    • Insect Societies: pinnacles of cooperation - Peter Nonacs, University of California, Los Angeles
    • Families in vertebrates - Dustin R. Rubenstein, Columbia University
    • The major evolutionary transitions In bacterial symbiosis - Joel L. Sachs, University of California, Riverside
    • Kin, kith, and kind: the varieties of social experience - David C. Queller, Rice University
  • Session II. Genetic Basis of Cooperation and Conflict
    • David Queller, Chair
    • Altruism and cheating in a social microbe, Dicytostelium discoideum - Joan E. Strassmann, Rice University
    • A prokaryotic model system -Greg Velicer, Indiana University
    • The evolution of restraint in simple communities - Ben Kerr, University of Washington
    • Selfish genetic elements - Jack H. Werren, University of Rochester
  • Banquet Lecture
    • Francisco J. Ayala, University of California, Irvine, Introduction
    • Evolution of insect society: eat, drink and be scary - Gene E. Robinson, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Session III. Hamiltonian Medicine
    • Joan E. Strassmann, Chair
    • Genomic imprinting, helpers at the nest, and age at menarche David Haig, Harvard University 
    • Pathology from evolutionary conflict - Steven A. Frank, University of California, Irvine 
    • The sociobiology of drug resistance and pathogen virulence - Andrew Read, Pennsylvania State University
    • Microbial sociality: implications for disease - Kevin Foster, Harvard University
  • Session IV. Are Humans Different?
    • Francisco J. Ayala, Chair
    • Cooperation and conflict in traditional cultures - Beverly I. Strassmann, University of Michigan 
    • The cultural niche - Robert Boyd, University of California, Los Angeles
    • Social Bonds to Social Preferences; the foundations for human moral sentiments  - Joan Silk, University of California, Los Angeles
    • What does primate cooperation tell us? - Dorothy Cheney, University of Pennsylvania
  • Concluding Remarks
    • John C. Avise, University of California, Irvine
So - for speaking and chairing slots - that comes to a ratio of 17:5 male to female.  Even with Joan Strassmann being involved as a coorganizer (and she is truly wonderful in a million ways) this meeting still has the NAS and Avise/Ayala pattern of very few female speakers or session chairs, even in fields where ther are many candidates.  Yuck.

I think I would make one recommendation out of this to begin with - John Avise and Francisco Ayala should not be allowed to run any NAS meetings again.  And NAS needs to have and use policies on educating meeting organizers about gender bias and requiring some type of efforts to have reasonable representations of diversity among speakers and chairs.

UPDATE 11: Meetings from 1990s I went to while in graduate school

Just scanned in notes from some of these NAS Beckman Center meetings that I attended while in graduate school at Stanford.  I added them to my collection of "Retroblogging Meetings and Seminars: Posting Scans of Notes".  The meetings then had even worse gender ratios of speakers.

1994: Tempo and Mode in Evolution.  See scans here. All speakers except one were male.
1997: Genetics and the Origin of Species. See scans here.

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